Abstract: In many cases piezoelectric actuators reach limitations in terms of maximum displacement and cycling frequency. Most amplified actuator technologies struggle to go over the millimeter of stroke. Furthermore certain closed-loop applications demand stroke measurement integrated into the actuator. While few amplifiers on the market can offer 20Amps current over a few 100ms, development of high power supply units runs parallel with actuator improvements. However with the introduction of high power supplies comes the problem of self-heating of the piezo ceramic. Finally extreme environmental conditions in terms of harsh conditions and high temperatures need to be addressed in order to open these markets for piezo actuators. Cedrat Technologies has been heavily investigating in solutions to overcome all of these drawbacks and these solutions are presented here.
Synchrotrons need robust products. That’s why the association of piezo actuator technology and CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES (CTEC) know-how has been successful for synchrotron mechanisms projects. The technological brick is the “Amplified Piezo Actuator” (APA®) tested and widely used in space applications, it is often implemented in CTEC piezo mechanisms and provides a high level of robustness. Modifying the layout and the number of APA® allows several needs to be addressed within beamlines. Three applications developed in collaboration with the EMBL, PAL and SOLEIL will be presented in this paper. The first application consists of cutting a beam with a piezo shutter. The maximum beam diameter is 3 mm. The second mechanism allows the energy of a beam to be modified by using a series of piezo actuated filters. And the last mechanism aims at modifying the beam section shape with an active piezo micro-slits mechanism.
Modular Stepping Piezo Actuators (MSPA) use the stick-slip principle to combine high resolution positioning (<μm) with long stroke (>cm). These motors provide unlimited motion in both rotation and translation. Fine mode allows precise positioning (<10nm). Since it is a module, it easily fits any existing devices requiring up to 25N of driving force with a speed up to 50mm/s. This motor module benefits the use of space qualified Amplified Piezo Actuators (APA®). It is then deemed a good candidate for severe environments such as vacuum, cryo, vibrations, nonmagnetic etc… This paper presents three technical challenges encountered for the development of MSPA product. The first one is the issue of noise resulting from stick-slip actuation below ultrasonic frequencies. The second is the miniaturization at low voltage: One is macro size (sugar cube) working at 45V is characterized, the other is micro size (grain of rice) powered at low voltage below 60V. The third challenge is the successful and reliable integration of the module within new customer applications and new Cedrat Technologies’ products.
Abstract: In the framework of a French National Program, the project ASPIC aims at using synthetic jet actuators to improve aerodynamic performance of aircrafts. The partnership between Cedrat Technologies (CTEC) and the French Aerospace Lab (ONERA) in this project has led to design, manufacture and test a high efficiency innovative synthetic jet actuator. This device relying in part on an ONERA patent is actuated by a CTEC amplified piezoactuator (APA). Its aim is to provide a high speed synthetic jet compatible with flow control application on aircrafts or any other vehicle. Latest available test results and experimental performances of the ASPIC synthetic actuator are presented in this document: in particular, a peak exit velocity of 135m.s-1 during suction, and of 150m.s-1 during blowing, with an optimal actuation frequency bandwidth between 200 and 300Hz.
Amplified Piezo Actuators (APA®) from CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES are known to be compact and especially performing in dynamic applications. The recent evolutions realized on the APA® and drive electronics allow them to address active damping better than magnetic proof mass in terms of the Force to Volume ratio above some 10Hz. The dynamic capability of the APA® has been improved thanks to preload method enhancement. Research has successfully shown the possibility to achieve a high dynamic force level similar to the static blocked force of the piezo actuator. This technical progress coupled with an amplified motion makes possible the generation of high mechanical proof mass load at relatively low frequency. It produces a force higher than 100N in a volume of Ø40x75mm within a range of [100-300Hz]. This paper presents relevant uses of APA® for active damping in machining applications. Several machining case studies are reported integrating Amplified Piezo Actuators within the spindle head, inside the cutting tool or beside the workpiece clamp.
A project called RPA (Rotor à Pales Actives) was launched three years ago to study the possible benefits of implementing active trailing edge flaps on a helicopter main rotor. The main objectives of this project are to decrease BVI noise in descent flight and improve the dynamic behavior of the rotor throughout the largest possible flight domain. After a first phase dedicated to the design of the best flap configuration at scale 1, the second phase of the project deals with the design of a wind-tunnel scale model of a rotor equipped with active flaps. An off-the-shelf piezo-electric actuator is used together with a specific patented flap-driving mechanism. Such an active device was tested under centrifugal loads as well as under aerodynamic loads in order to prepare future wind-tunnel tests. The results obtained under centrifugal loads allowed to clear the active device but the aerodynamic testing showed that some improvements were needed. Corresponding modifications are under way to fully clear the active device to be used on a complete rotor model.
Bolted connection is the most common way to assemble mechanism. It is widely used in transport domains, such as aerospace, rail, aircrafts… Ensuring that the minimum torque value is always present in the assembly is one of the main maintenance tasks for those components. A possible way to carry out those actions is to implement active component in the bolted assembly. A solution is proposed in this document. Construction, potentialities, performances (based on lap-joint demonstrator) and limitations are identified and confronted to other techniques.